Fast Marching Method Aplication for Forward Modelling of Seismic Wave Propagation
One of the classical problem in seismology is to determine time travel and ray path of seismic wave between
two points at a given heterogeneous media. This problem is expressed by eikonal equation and can be seen as a propagation of a wavefront and interface evolution. One of methods to solve this problem is Fast Marching Method abbreviated as FMM. This method is used to produce entropy-satisfying viscosity solution of eikonal equation. FMM combines viscosity solution of Hamilton-Jacobi equation and Huygen's Principle that centered on min-heap data structure to determine the minimum value at every loop. In this study, FMM is applied to determine time travel and raypath of seismic wave. FMM also is used to determine the location of wave
source using simple algorithm. From our forward modeling schemes, it is found that FMM is an accurate, robust, and effcient method to simulate seismic wave propagation. For further study, FMM also can be used to be a part of passive seismic inverse scheme to locate hypocenter location.
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